عنوان مقاله [English]
The Holy Qur’an has brought up the Imamate of Prophet Abraham (A.S.) in verse 123 of Sūrat al-Baqara; so, due to the importance of this issue, its proportion to Sūrat al-Baqara is examined here. While dating Sūrat al-Baqara, the present article, with the use of the intra-textual propositions including context, purpose of the verses and topics, subjects similar to previous sūra, and the extra-textual propositions including sīra reports, the traditions about the order of Revelation, and occasion of Revelation, has found out its time of Revelation in the beginning of the Prophet’s (S.A.W.) arrival in Medina (prior to the Battle of Badr), which was the period of the establishment of the Islamic rule and people’s welcoming Islam. Further on, by studying the Imamate of prophet Abraham (A.S.) and explaining its proportion to the historical circumstances and exigencies of the time of Revelation of Sūrat al-Baqara, it has finally concluded that these verses have been directed toward laying the foundation of Islam by prophet Abraham (A.S.), which would result in the eternalization of Islam as a religion.