عنوان مقاله [English]
Different viewpoints have been stated concerning the reason for the repetition of the stories of the Qur’an, such as expressive inimitability (i‘jāz), completion of images and scenes of a story, emphasis with the aim of more efficacy and attraction of the addressees with various polishings of the story. These viewpoints are subject to challenge. Deliberation on the subject or subjects of the stories, especially the socio-psychological atmosphere of their Revelation, the context of the verses, and the comparison of various polishings of a story shows that the main purpose for different repetition of the stories is utilizing them for the purpose of the Sūra. One of these stories is that the folk of Thamūd. This story is narratted in 21 Sūras, of which two Sūras are Medinan and the rest are Meccan. It has been revealed during different time spans concerning various conditions of the Prophet (S.A.W.), the Muslims, and the enemies of the Muslims and each has had a separate goal. Among these purposes are the following: strong warning to polytheists, hypocrites, and deniers of the divine verses and doctrines on various occasions; consolation of the Prophet and the Muslims in different situations; proposing and instructing inportant theological and escatological doctrines; and stating Divine precedents and responding to the polytheists and defending the monotheisting call to faith. The story of Thamūd and its various parts are recalled and reported in proportion to these purposes.