عنوان مقاله [English]
The present article is a translation and critique of the article “Contracts and Alliances” of the Leiden Encyclopedia of the Qur’an. The writer has addressed the two terms “contracts” and “alliances” in the Holy Qur’an and their differences, general discourses related to contract of sale, examples of contract, cancellation right, and different interpretation of the concept of “contract” and “alliance”. Contracts and alliances are among the important discourses of legal books, especially sale (bay‘), which, according to the writer’s assertion, comprises the core of all legal obligations and most contracts are based on bay‘. The writer of the article has properly elucidated the concepts of “contracts” and “alliances” and their difference. In contrast, he has excessively dealt with explanation of related terms, such as mīthaq “covenant” or such terms as walī and wālī, which are not directly related to the topic. In the present article the above-mentioned problems and some other faults have been critically reviewed.